The region around Churchill is predominantly inhabited by the Chipewyan and Cree natives who trade with the Churchill River Post. The trading post was built mostly to capitalize on the fur trade, out of the reach of York Factory. The trading post is overlooked by the Prince of Wales Fort, a large stone fort on the western peninsula at the mouth of the river.

It deals mainly with the Chipewyan natives living north of the boreal forest. Much of the fur comes from as far away as Lake Athabasca and the Rocky Mountains, and includes pelts such as Beaver, Bear, Wolf, Bison and the occasional Polar Bear. Some trade also exists in whale bone from hunting Beluga whales in the Hudson Bay.

The fort and town are owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company. Most people speak English, though a number are more comfortable in French. As the town deals with the local Indian population the traders also tend to speak various amounts of Chipewyan and Cree.

The People
Standing Population : 204
Peak Population : 300
Location of People

Town Spokesman : Rasmus Munk (Danish)
Governor : John MacEwan

The Weather
Churchill has a subarctic climate with long very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. Churchill’s winters are colder than a location at a latitude of 58 degrees north should warrant, given its coastal location. The shallow Hudson Bay freezes, eliminating any maritime moderation. Prevailing northerly winds from the North Pole jet across the frozen bay and chill it to a −26.7 °C January average. Yet in summer, when the Hudson Bay thaws, Churchill’s summer is moderated and there is a 12.0 °C July average temperature.

January Weather

  • Snow (cm) 20
  • Snow cover (cm) 29
  • Rain 0
  • Maximum Celsius -22.7
  • Minimum Celsius -30.7
  • Daily Average Celsius -26.7

Sunrise / Sunset for January 1753
Civil Twilight Start : 8:13
Sunrise : 8:58
Local Noon : 12:42
Sunset : 16:27
Civil Twilight End : 17:12

Information on daylight hours can be found here


House of Stuart Khunkwai